Cyberlaw & Cybercrime

Cyber crime knows no borders, a person sitting in Bangladesh could exploit government information in  London, a person sitting in the comfort of their homes in Russia, could potentially shut the defense system of a country thousands of miles away. Added to that is the anonymity that cyber crime provides to its perpetrators, it is very tough to track down cyber criminals. Another issue with cybercrime is that it is everchanging., new forms of cybercrime are always in development, organized cybercrime groups are emerging and getting stronger by the minute, they are continuously finding loopholes in existing legislation which further increases the headache for governments all over the world. These are vital reasons why legislation around the spectrum of cybercrime is vital in order to clog the problem of cybercrime which plagues the whole world. Cyber laws must always be updated; there must be a global initiative to create laws in order to impact the affect of cybercrime, all countries must come together in that initiative.

Pavan Duggal has been a vital clog in order to help spread awareness on the dangers of cybercrime, and to guide different organizations by imparting his vast knowledge on the subject and all of its branches. He is regularly quoted by media houses as a voice of an expert when it comes to cybercrime and cyber law. He has a dedicated blog entitled “Cyberlaw in Today’s Times” The Economic Times Blogs, which dwells on various aspects of Cyberlaw in our lives.

Cyberlaw Jurisprudence in Today’s Changing World Pavan Duggal 

Recently, the German Chancellor Angella Merkel emphasized the need for NSA-proof internet. She further stated” We’ll talk about European providers that offer security for our citizens, so that one shouldn’t have to send emails and other information across…Read More at

Changing Avatars of Intermediaries and Changing Cyberlaws

Today, it is no secret that intermediaries of the world are huge data repositories. These are not just the network service providers, Internet Service Providers, Web Hosting companies, Search Engines but also Online Auction Portals, Online Payment Sites as..Read More at

Googlization of Indian Election Process and Legal Challenges 

Public domain reports that Internet giant Google made a formal presentation to the Election Commission proposing a tie-up with it for voter facilitation services ahead of Lok Sabha elections. It has been reported that in its presentation before the EC, Google…Read More at

Cyber Law Global Trends in 2014Pavan Duggal

The year 2013 has seen numerous events un-fold in the field of cyberspace. The advent of the Internet, the mobile and the digital ecosystems have ushered all of us in a new irreversible era in our lives and so there is a need for appreciating the constantly…Read More at

Important Cyber Law Trends in India – 2014

Based on the developments and jurisprudence in #Cyberlaw in 2013, the author of this article seeks to make an intelligent guess on the trends that are likely to be important and significant in Indian #Cyberlaw in 2014. Mobile crime is likely to increase by….Read More at

Indian Cyber Law Developments 2013

As 2013 approaches the end and people prepare to bring in the New Year, the author through this article reflects upon the developments that occurred in the Indian cyberspace which are likely to have an impact on Indian cyberlaw in the coming times. Post…Read More at

International Cyberlaw 2013: Some Highlights

The year 2013 at the global level has been a remarkable year as far as growth of Cyberlaw jurisprudence is concerned. The year was dominated by certain developments which fuelled other distinct events. One of the most profound events of 2013 having an…Read More at

Online predators and Indian Cyberlaw 

There is an old saying that ignorance of law is no excuse in the eyes of law. Nothing can be closer to the truth. So if you are someone who is willing to pay a child to take off her clothes in front of a web-camera, online, you need to tighten your belt….Read More at

Year 2012 and Section 66A of Indian Cyberlaw

The year 2012 saw, how provisions of Indian Cyberlaw were being interpreted and invoked in a manner so as to detrimentally impact social media and inherent online liberties of netizens. Throughout the year 2012, there was inherent tension amongst social…Read More at


The following are some of the articles written in the media, wherein Cyberlaw Guru Pavan Duggal has been quoted for his viewpoints:-

Ratters on the prowl: Is your e-life being remote-controlled?

A hacker can pry on you through the webcam, and use it to annoy, bully and blackmail you Ashish Sharma | New Delhi March 14, 2014 Last Updated at 21:50 IST It is Saturday night and Suzanne (name changed) is in her Miami home, hunched over her …Read more at Business Standard

A double-edged sword on users

Laws may soon be put to test for upholding individuals’ rights Sudipto Dey March 9, 2014 Last Updated at 21:35 IST Soon after Congress Vice-President Rahul Gandhi’s interview to a television news channel, the then Delhi Chief Minister, Arvind …Read more at Business Standard

Odisha man travels ‘BBC office’ to claim ‘fake lottery’ cash!

New Delhi, Feb 11: It can happen only in India! A 41-year old unemployed villager from Odisha, Ratan Kumar Malbisoi, travelled more than 1,000 miles to claim ‘lottery prize’ only to find he has been scammed. Malbisoi travelled 1500 km to claim ….Read more at


The following are some of the important articles written by Cyberlaw Guru Pavan Duggal on different aspects and sub-disciplines of Cyberlaw-

India: Cyberlaw In India: The Information Technology Act 2000 – Some Perspectives

Since the beginning of civilization, man has always been motivated by the need to make progress and better the existing technologies. This has led to tremendous development and progress which has been a launching pad for further developments…. Read More at 

Section 66A OF IT Act – your friend or foe?

There has been a great deal of controversy during the last few months over the questionable use of Section 66A of the amended Indian Information Technology Act, 2000…..Read More at Business Standard


Section 66A makes it an offence when you send, by means of a computer resource or communication device, any of the following information…. Read More at

Has the BPO industry hit a speed-breaker?

The recent instances of companies pulling out back-office operations from India is the beginning of a trend that was threatening to happen for quite sometime now. India is absolutely a great destination for back-office operations. However, the legal infrastructure needs to be up to date with international expectations. It is here that India has taken a beating….. Read more at economictimes.


Yet another win for an Indian Corporate comes in the field of domain names. The domain name “” has been legally won by Tata Sons Ltd. In a recent decision dated 4.4.2000,the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center in its administration panel decision of even date has held that the domain name “” standing in the name of The Advanced Information Technology Association, Mumbai should be transferred to the complainant being Tata Sons Ltd… more at

Cyberlaw And Data Security

Proactive compliance with the parameters of Indian Cyberlaw is indeed the urgent necessity of today. Compliance, Compliance & Compliance is the only way to nirvana for all stakeholders in the digital ecosystem… read more at

THE LEGAL view on Data CentresPavan Duggal

In India, the relevant law that governs the storage and transmission of data in data centre is the Information Technology Act, 2000 as also the rules and regulations made there under, including the Information Technology Rules, 2011.  The Information TechnologyAct, 2000 is India’s mother legislation dealing with the use of computers, computer systems, computer networks, computer resources and communication devices as also data and information in the electronic form…… read more at

Legislate Privacy, At Least

It’s ironic that even in the age of ‘information’ the laws are ambiguous when attempting to address information privacy. ….read more at

Telecommunications Convergence Law in India – A Critique

The dawning of the 21st century seems to have had a magical effect on India. The Indian Government has taken the emergence of the new millennium as a signal to proceed forward in the direction of wholeheartedly adopting technologies and giving legal recognition to the same and regulating the same. This new chapter began with the passing of India’s first Cyberlaw namely, the Information Technology Act, 2001 on 17th May 2000….read more at

Indian Legal Response to Cyber Security 

Does the UID project infringe on privacy?

Citizens have to realise that they would have no control on how their personal data collected in the UID database would be adequately protected …read more at

Think again before you post

In India, there has been a lot of controversy over the last few months over Section 66A of the Indian Cyberlaw being the amended Indian Information Technology Act, 2000 on different occasions. In Professor Ambikesh Mahapatra case, Professor Ambikesh Mahapatra was arrested on account of forwarding of caricature/cartoons on Facebook.  Further, Ravi Srinivasan Twitter case showed how on a complaint, a person’s tweets could be brought within the ambit of Section 66A of the amended Indian Information Technology Act, 2000….. Read more at 

Exploring cyber laws

Cyber laws are a new and evolving discipline of law. These are the laws which deal, regulate and control the activities of the cyber space including the internet and the World Wide Web. Read more at Times of India

You Are (Really) Here

We don’t have a law on location-based services nor on privacy. If your privacy is violated, there’s no remedy… read more at Outlook India 

Government can switch off your internet if necessary

The Indian government has armed itself with powers to ‘switch off’ or kill the internet during times of national emergencies, becoming one of the first few countries to assume such far reaching authority…. read more at