Cyber Crime


With the world awakening to the threat possessed by the vastness of the internet and the manipulation of information available over it, the risk of crimes has increased multi-folds over the years with the spread of the internet. Hacking, phishing, ransomware, identity theft, cryptojacking are a few ways people are exploited over the internet and the number of cybercrimes has risen through the roof in the past three years. It has been estimated that by the year 2021 the global cybercrime damages will add upto 6 trillion dollars, which is frightening to say the least. Cybercrime is everchanging and ever-evolving, new forms of it are developing on a daily basis, organized cybercrime groups are increasing on their arsenal of tools to take down government organizations, businesses and individuals. It is a very serious threat in today’s world as we see more devices being connected on the internet, organizations becoming highly dependent on the internet and in turn becoming more vulnerable to cyber threats. The most dangerous aspect of cybercrime is the anonymity it provides to the criminals, which boosts their confidence to carry on causing harm to individuals as they believe they won’t be tracked down. Law enforcement agencies in most countries are not ready to deal with cybercrime, they don’t have the capable abilities to investigate and solve cybercrime matters, and this is where experts like Pavan Duggal are of vital importance. They do the impactful job of spreading awareness and educating not just common people but businesses, law enforcement agencies and governments to tackle cybercrime.

The following are some of the important articles written by Cyberlaw Guru Pavan Duggal on different aspects and sub-disciplines of Cybercrime-

India: Terrorism And Cybercrime

The recent terrorist attack on the WTC Towers in New York has outraged humanity in no uncertain terms. For the first time in so many years, we have seen unanimity amongst all nations in condemning the said brutal terrorists attacks which used planes as bombing devices to demolish the two towers which were largely symbolic of the American nation and the American freedom and liberty….read more at

Guest Column: Indian Blackout – Some legal perspectives

On Monday July 30, 2012 at 2:30am, the entire NorthernGrid of India went dark. Again the next day at 1:30pm, the Northern and the Eastern Grids failed. Due to the power supply failure, hundreds of millions of people, much more than the population of the US and Canada combined, suffered from a sudden darkening of the grids. reported that the power supply to as many as 19 states crashed, after three grids—the Northern, Eastern And North-Eastern—tripped….read more at Business Standard.


The following are some of the articles written in the media, wherein Cyberlaw Guru Pavan Duggal has been quoted for his viewpoints on different facets of Cybercrime:-

‘Our cyber cells are not equipped to deal with cyber crime’

The circular by the Intelligence Bureau seeking to block internet telephony only shows that the country has been sleeping ever since the Mumbai terror attacks. All calls made during the planning stages of the attacks used the Voice over Internet Protocol technology. However, now it is clear that India does not have the capability as yet to track down such calls and hence a ban was sought on this technology.This trend can not continue since the IB says that terror groups will increasingly use this service in future since it cheap and very difficult to track… more at

Tackling Cyber Crimes – Need For Stringent Laws : Pavan Duggal, Advocate, Supreme Court

 “We have some very remarkably intelligent police officers in the country but if you look at the police force as a whole, you realise that the force is inherently lacking in its tools, in its orientation, in its awareness and in its ability to investigate, prosecute, crack and prove cyber crime,” says Pavan Duggal, Advocate, Supreme Court, in an interview with egov magazine… read more at

Browsing child porn will land you in jail

The newly passed Information Technology Bill is set to make it illegal to not only create and transmit child pornography in any electronic form, but even to browse it. The punishment for a first offence of publishing, creating, exchanging, downloading or browsing any electronic depiction of children in “obscene or indecent or sexually explicit manner” can attract five years in jail and a fine of Rs 10 lakh….read more at The Times of India 

Smartphone porn is latest buzz

Keshav Sadashiv (name changed) bought a smartphone with an internet connection six months ago and it’s made him an addict of pornography. So addicted is he that he’s unable to sleep without peering into at least a few porn video clips every night. Sadashiv’s spouse is unaware of his porn escapades….read more times of India

Interview with: Pavan Duggal; Advocate, Supreme Court of India

Cybercrimes ranging – from child pornography and racism to identity theft, fraud and cyber terrorism – were addressed at a Council of Europe conference in Strasbourg on April 1 – 2. More than 200 participating experts from all over the world, as well as representatives of governments, police forces and the Internet industry – including Microsoft, eBay, Symantec and McAfee – interacted in a series of workshops while reviewing the effectiveness of current cybercrime legislation, identifying new threats and trends and discussing ways to improve international co-operation and the functioning of the 24/7 contact points.Read more